An AVL combines the installation of a tracker device in a vehicle (or fleet of vehicles), with purpose-designed computer tracking software at least at one operational base to enable the owner or a third party to track the vehicle’s location, collecting telemetric data in the process from the field and deliver it to the base of operation. Modern vehicle tracking systems commonly use GPS or GLONASS technology for locating the vehicle, but other types of automatic vehicle location technology can also be used. Vehicle information can be viewed on electronic maps via the Internet or specialized software. Urban public transit authorities are an increasingly common user of vehicle tracking systems, particularly in large cities.

AVL systems are commonly used by fleet operators for fleet management functions such as fleet tracking, routing, dispatch, on-board information and security.

Other scenarios in which this technology is employed include:

  • Stolen vehicle recovery
  • Fleet management
  • Asset tracking
  • Field service management
  • Field sales
  • Trailer tracking
  • Surveillance
  • Transit tracking